Unit 1: Natural Environments


A natural system is an ordered, interrelated / dependant set of things. Example: Forest environments result due to the hot/ humid weather and climate (atmosphere) providing enough moisture (hydrosphere) to allow plants (biosphere) to grow densely from the earth (lithosphere). At each level of the forest - from soil to the upper layers of the canopy- different combinations of the spheres are occuring.


Inputs: Items or forces that enter the system; like wind, precipitation
Components: The material things that make up a natural system
Processes: the methods of operation or types of actions which energy or matter is moved. Weathering, erosion, transportation, deposition, photosynthesis, food webs.
Outputs: Matter or energy leaving a system

Natural Processes can take decades or thousands of years or it can take a matter of minutes with natural disasters.

Course Material:
Coastal Environments
Volcanic Environments

Unit 2: Human Environments

Rural: of, belonging to, relating to, characteristic of, the country or country life, in contrast to the town or urban life. It is now recognised that in industrialised countries the distinction is blurred. - Dictionary of Geography, Penguin 2003Urban: relating to, belonging to, characteristic of... a town or city, the opposite of rural. i.e. applied to sny settlement in which most of the inhabitants (over 60%) are engaged in non-agricultural occupations. Urban settlement: relatively densely built-up area. - Dictionary of Geography, Penguin 2003

Great Geography Documentry on ABC 'Great Southern Land'.

Useful Websites and Resources for Spatial Concept revision:

Oxford Atlas Projects 'Spatial patterns' and 'Location' on CD-rom
Geographic Infomation System www.gis.com - fantastic maps to play around with[1]
  1. ^ Geography Environments VCE units 1 & 2, Geography Teachers Association of Victoria, 2012
    National Geographic Youtube channel, http://www.youtube.com/user/NationalGeographic , 2012