Urban Environment: Melbourne

Black and white images showing spatial change over time for Melbourne.
Melbourne, 1956

Central Place Theory notes

Melbourne's Growth Pattern.

In June 1835 John Batman wrote "this will be the place for a village.' He was speaking of what is now known as Melbourne.
Melbourne's location was dictated by access to water, both fresh and salt. Today Melbourne is spread out over a large area and has over 4 million people living there. Development has mainly been to the east and south-east of Port Philip Bay, and only in recent times has there been a growth towards the west. Reasons for this lopsided growth to the east is because the there was a lot of swampy areas in the west and south-west. The soil in the east was more fertile and had more rainfall.
Between the years 1880-1919 there was development of a railways and highways. New suburbs would start near railway lines or major roads. As the railway system became better from the 1920's more people were able to live further out from the city and travel to work.

Many older cities rapidly expanded during the Industrial Revolution, as workers flocked to the urban centers. As the towns and cities expanded, the residential areas for the workers tended to be in the east, with the middle and upper-classes in the west.
The reason for this is that in much of the northern hemisphere, the prevailing winds are westerlies – blowing from west to east. The massive, unchecked pollution from these early industries would therefore drift eastward, making the air quality much lower in the east end of cities, lowering the desirability (and price) of the housing. Middle classes preferred the cleaner west ends.

  • When was Melbourne founded?
  • What physical factors have affected the growth and shape of Melbourne?
  • Why were people willing to move out further from the city from the 1920's?
  • Poorer areas tend to be in the West in Australia but in East in the Northen Hemisphere, why? Give examples where this occurs.

Unit 2: Holiday Homework Instructions
Task 1. Census Research
Step 1: Look up the Australian Bureau of Statistics http://www.abs.gov.au , under the category ‘National Statistics’ click on ‘Census’. (Alternatively Google census Australia).
Step 2: On the Census homepage scroll down until you find ‘Quick Stats’.
Step 3: Enter your suburb* into the ‘Quick Stats’ search tool bar.
Once in your suburbs quick stat page find out:
  • Post code
  • Location Map (you can use print screen)
  • Population size
  • Average age
  • Average family size
  • Average weekly income (household)
  • Top 5 countries of birth (including percents)
  • Top 5 religious affiliation (including percents)
  • Top 5 languages spoken (including percents)
*How to choose your suburb: The first letter of your name will help you choose a suburb. E.g. Hannah= H so possible Melbourne Suburbs include Hawthorn, Hallam, Heidelberg, Hoppers Crossing… (If your name starts with M you cannot do Melbourne).

Task 2. Melbourne Atlas
(activity started in class)
Below is a link to the Melbourne Atlas maps which had been have been used in class. Each map in the worksheet has a chapter and page number, eg. 2.1 = chapter 2 page 1.
Chapter 1: Melbourne's Development

Chapter 2: Melbourne's People
Chapter 3: Housing

Chapter 4: Working

Chapter 5: Living in Melbourne

Chapter 6: Equity and Accessibility

Chapter 7: Learning

Chapter 8: Sustaining the Environment

Melbourne Atlas

Demographics: Using Population Profiles

Step 1:Download the 'population profile' pdf.
Step 2: Answer the following questions in your workbooks:
  1. What is a population profile?
  2. What are two pieces of information that a population profile can provide?
  3. What are the three main age groups, how are they defined?
  4. When might the sex ratio not be balanced on a population profile?
  5. What are the common shapes of a population profile? Draw 4 of these to support your anwer.
Step 3: Ask for a population profile from Mrs Obst and annotate it like it has been done in figure 8.14
Step 4: Complete the Activities on the page 3 of the pdf.

Population profile notes and activity.

Movement of People in Urban environment Class powerpoint, also contains some notes with slides.


http://www.thejanuarist.com/why-are-the-east-of-cities-usually-poorer/ sourced 21/06/12